前言

本文隶属于专栏《LeetCode 刷题汇总》,该专栏为笔者原创,引用请注明来源,不足和错误之处请在评论区帮忙指出,谢谢!

本专栏目录结构请见LeetCode 刷题汇总

正文

幕布

在这里插入图片描述

幕布链接

6. Z 字形变换

推荐

官方题解

sb+几行+单次循环多长

public class Solution {
    public String convert(String s, int numRows) {
        if (s == null || s.length() == 0 || numRows < 2) {
            return s;
        }
        StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
        int n = s.length();
        int cycleLength = 2 * numRows - 2;

        for (int i = 0; i < numRows; i++) {
            for (int j = 0; j + i < n; j += cycleLength) {
                result.append(s.charAt(i + j));
                if (i != 0 && i != numRows - 1 && (j + cycleLength - i) < n) {
                    result.append(s.charAt(j + cycleLength - i));
                }
            }
        }

        return result.toString();
    }
}

7. 整数反转

推荐

官方题解

不分正负,两次判断,大于 7 小于-8

class Solution {
    public int reverse(int x) {
        int res = 0;
        while (x != 0) {
            int pop = x % 10;
            x /= 10;
            if (res > Integer.MAX_VALUE/10 || (res == Integer.MAX_VALUE / 10 && pop > 7)){
                return 0;
            }
            if (res < Integer.MIN_VALUE/10 || (res == Integer.MIN_VALUE / 10 && pop < -8)){
                return 0;
            }
            res = res * 10 + pop;
        }
        return res;
    }
}

8. 字符串转换整数 (atoi)

推荐

Java Solution with 4 steps explanations

sign+单字符判断

class Solution {
    public int myAtoi(String str) {
        int index = 0, sign = 1, total = 0;
        //1.trim
        str = str.trim();

        //2. Empty string
        if(str.length() == 0) return 0;

        //3. Handle signs
        if(str.charAt(index) == '+' || str.charAt(index) == '-'){
            sign = str.charAt(index) == '+' ? 1 : -1;
            index ++;
        }
        
        //4. Convert number and avoid overflow
        while(index < str.length()){
            int digit = str.charAt(index) - '0';
            if(digit < 0 || digit > 9) break;

            //check if total will be overflow after 10 times and add digit
            if(Integer.MAX_VALUE / 10 < total || Integer.MAX_VALUE / 10 == total && Integer.MAX_VALUE % 10 < digit)
                return sign == 1 ? Integer.MAX_VALUE : Integer.MIN_VALUE;

            total = 10 * total + digit;
            index ++;
        }
        return total * sign;
    }
}

9. 回文数

推荐

在这里插入图片描述

官方题解

中间折叠判断,x == rev || x==rev/10

class Solution {
    public boolean isPalindrome(int x) {
        if (x < 0 || (x != 0 && x % 10 == 0)) return false;
        int rev = 0;
        while (x > rev){
            rev = rev * 10 + x % 10;
            x = x / 10;
        }
        return x == rev || x == rev / 10;
    }
}

10. 正则表达式匹配

推荐

【LeetCode 10. 正则表达式匹配】 每天一题刷起来!C++ 年薪冲冲冲!

递归,firstMatch,substring

object Solution {
  def isMatch(s: String, p: String): Boolean = {
    if (p.isEmpty) return s.isEmpty
    val firstMatch = !s.isEmpty && (s(0) == p(0) || p(0) == '.')
    if (p.length >= 2 && p(1) == '*') isMatch(s, p.substring(2)) || (firstMatch && isMatch(s.substring(1), p))
    else firstMatch && isMatch(s.substring(1), p.substring(1))
  }
}

动态规划,有星无星,去两头还是去一头

class Solution {
    public boolean isMatch(String s, String p) {
        if(p.isEmpty()) return s.isEmpty();
        int m = s.length(), n = p.length();
        boolean[][] dp = new boolean[m + 1][n + 1];
        dp[0][0] = true;
        for(int i = 2; i <= n; i++){
            dp[0][i] = p.charAt(i - 1) == '*' && dp[0][i - 2];
        }
        for(int i = 0; i < m; i++){
            for(int j = 0; j < n; j++){
                if(p.charAt(j) == '*'){
                    dp[i + 1][j + 1] = dp[i + 1][j - 1] || (firstMatch(s, p, i, j - 1) && dp[i][j + 1]);
                }else{
                    dp[i + 1][j + 1] = firstMatch(s, p, i, j) && dp[i][j];
                }
            }
        }
        return dp[m][n];
    }

    private boolean firstMatch(String s, String p, int i, int j){
        return s.charAt(i) == p.charAt(j) || p.charAt(j) == '.';
    }
}
上一篇 下一篇